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Scholars Journal of Applied Medical Sciences | Volume-7 | Issue 07
Evaluation of Osteoporosis and Osteopenia in Elderly People in Hyderabad Region
Dr. MD. Jaan Basha, Dr. Venkat Lakavath
Published: July 19, 2019 | 143 63
DOI: 10.36347/sjams.2019.v07i07.010
Pages: 2312-2316
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Abstract
The aim of this study is to evaluate the incidence of osteoporosis, evaluation of BMD, T-Score, associated serum biochemical factors &socio economic factors in 40 years above men &women. This is a cross sectional study conducted at Princess Esra hospital, Deccan College of medical sciences, Department of orthopedics, after taking informed consent from patients and after obtaining hospital ethics committee permission. In these study 100 patients both males and females above 40 yrs of age presenting with various conditions of non-autoimmune musculoskeletal pains were included in the study. In this study Calcaneal Quantitative Ultrasound (QUS) device used to examine the BMD and the T-score threshold at lumbar spine and femoral neck. In our study, 30% of patients were suffering with osteoporosis and 25% with osteopenia. In males 13% & 10% were suffering with osteoporosis and osteopenia respectively. In females 17% & 15% were suffering with osteoporosis and osteopenia respectively. The BMD and T-scores in males at lumbar spine (1.12±0.14 and -0.7±0.9) and femoral neck (0.93±0.2 and -0.7±0.2), in females at lumbar spine (1.08±0.12and -0.9±1.2) and femoral neck (0.93±0.2 and -1.0±1.1) are comparatively equal. The serum alkaline posphotase, Total cholesterol, uric acid, vitamin D, Calcium also influence the osteoporosis. The socioeconomic factors like occupation, education and physical activity also influence the osteoporosis and osteopenia.