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Scholars Academic Journal of Pharmacy | Volume-10 | Issue-01
Prevalence of Primary Dysmenorrhea in Pharma Students: A Cross-Sectional Study
P. Sudhakar, G. Anjali, R. Anupragathy, C. Archana, A. Asma Fathumuthu, R. Bhuvaneshwari
Published: Jan. 11, 2021 | 183 173
DOI: 10.36347/sajp.2021.v10i01.002
Pages: 6-12
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Abstract
Objective: To study the prevalence of primary dysmenorrhea in young girls from the pharma profession and to evaluate associated clinical markers and management of dysmenorrhea. Methodology: In this cross-sectional study, data was collected among 145 female (18–23 years) on age at menarche, presence, and absence of dysmenorrhea, dysmenorrhea duration, menstrual symptoms, family history, menses irregularities, menstrual history, medication behavior were collected using a structured questionnaire through Google form. Results: Out of 137 selected data the prevalence of Dysmenorrhea was reported 82% (112), from that 73% were frequent, 72% were shorter duration, and 69% at the lower abdomen and 62% had the moderate intensity of dysmenorrhea pain. The pain-related menstrual symptoms percentages were higher in the dysmenorrhea participants altered appetite, nausea, and vomiting behaviors also higher. Almost 66% are taking bed rest, 50% are home remedies or ayurvedic medications, 23% are taking self-medication, 20% are taking medication prescribed by the doctor, and 9% undergoing hospitalization during dysmenorrhea. Conclusion: Dysmenorrhea is found to be highly prevalent among college going girls. Irritability, leg cramps, tiredness, back pain, and abdominal pain are the most prevalent menstrual symptoms. Nonpharmacological management like bed rest, heating pads/hot baths, and home remedies/ayurvedic medications are the most preferred medical management.